Friday, January 24, 2014

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Smoking and drinking during pregnancy

By: youssef jabbouji On: 1/24/2014
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  • If your health isn't enough to make you quit smoking, then the health of your baby should be. Smoking during pregnancy affects you and your baby's health before, during, and after your baby is born. The nicotine (the addictive substance in cigarettes), carbon monoxide, and numerous other poisons you inhale from a cigarette are carried through your bloodstream and go directly to your baby. Smoking while pregnant will:

    Lower the amount of oxygen available to you and your growing baby.
    Increase your baby's heart rate.
    Increase the chances of miscarriage and stillbirth.
    Increase the risk that your baby is born prematurely and/or born with low birth weight.
    Increase your baby's risk of developing respiratory (lung) problems.

    The more cigarettes you smoke per day, the greater your baby's chances of developing these and other health problems. There is no "safe" level of smoking while pregnant.

    How Alcohol and Caffeine Can Impact Baby's Health

    A glass of wine or a puff on a cigarette is a part of many women's social lives. But if you're pregnant, whatever you take into your body reaches your baby too. Smoking and drinking can hurt your baby, so it's important that you change your habits.

    The best time, of course, is before you and your partner decide to start trying. A baby's brain and other organs start to develop before you even realize you're pregnant. But even if you're expecting, you can reduce the risk to your child if you kick these habits now.

    Drinking for Two

    When you lift your glass, make sure it's filled with grape juice, not wine. The reason? When you drink, alcohol passes through the placenta to your growing fetus. Because a developing baby's body breaks down alcohol much more slowly than an adult's, a fetus's blood alcohol level can rise much higher than its mother's and stay elevated longer. The damage can be long lasting and severe, ranging from mental retardation to heart damage.

    Unfortunately, according to the National Academy of Sciences, 20 percent of women who drink alcohol continue to do so during pregnancy. And about 1 in 29 women who know that they're pregnant report dangerous levels of drinking (defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as more than seven drinks in a week or five and above on one occasion).

    How Does Secondhand Smoke Affect Pregnancy?

    Secondhand smoke (also called passive smoke or environmental tobacco smoke) is the combination of smoke from a burning cigarette and smoke exhaled by a smoker.

    The smoke that burns off the end of a cigarette or cigar actually contains more harmful substances (tar, carbon monoxide, nicotine, and others) than the smoke inhaled by the smoker.

    If you are regularly exposed to secondhand smoke, you increase your and your baby's risk of developing lung cancer, heart disease, emphysema, allergies, asthma, and other health problems.

    Babies exposed to secondhand smoke may also develop reduced lung capacity and are at higher risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

    How Can I Quit Smoking Before or During Pregnancy?

    There are many smoking cessation programs available to help you quit smoking. Ask your health care provider for more information about these programs.
    Here are some tips that may help you kick the habit:

    Hide your matches, lighters, and ashtrays.
    Designate your home a non-smoking area.
    Ask people who smoke not to smoke around you.
    Drink fewer caffeinated beverages; caffeine may stimulate your urge to smoke. Also avoid alcohol, as it may also increase your urge to smoke and can be harmful to your baby.
    Change your habits connected with smoking. If you smoked while driving or when feeling stressed, try other activities to replace smoking.
    Keep mints or gum (preferably sugarless) on hand for those times when you get the urge to smoke.
    Stay active to keep your mind off smoking and help relieve tension: take a walk, exercise, read a book, or try a new a hobby.
    Look for support from others. Join a support group or smoking cessation program.
    Do not go places where many people are smoking such as bars or clubs, and smoking sections of restaurants.

    CONCLUSION: you are pregnant because you are hot ,cigarettes and alcohol are poisonous ,if you don’t quit early ,your son is gonna be a natural disaster  

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